Subject-verb agreement is an important grammatical rule that governs the relationship between the subject and verb in a sentence. One of the most common rules of subject-verb agreement is the use of the conjunction “and” in a sentence.
The rule of “and” states that when two or more subjects are joined by “and,” the verb that follows should also be in the plural form. This rule applies to all tenses, including the past, present, and future.
For example, consider the following sentences:
– Tom and Jerry are playing basketball.
– The dog and the cat are sleeping.
In both examples, “and” is used to connect two subjects. In order to maintain subject-verb agreement, the verb “are” is used in the plural form to match the plural subjects.
However, there are some exceptions to this rule. In certain cases, “and” can be used to connect two singular subjects that are considered to be a single entity. In such cases, a singular verb is used.
– Peanut butter and jelly is my favorite sandwich.
– Macaroni and cheese is a classic dish.
In both examples, “and” is used to connect two singular subjects, but they are considered to be a single entity. Therefore, a singular verb is used to maintain subject-verb agreement.
It is essential to keep in mind that subject-verb agreement is necessary for clear and effective communication. Inconsistencies in agreement can cause confusion and make it difficult for readers to understand the intended meaning of a sentence.
In conclusion, the rule of “and” in subject-verb agreement is simple yet important. When using “and” to connect two or more subjects, it is crucial to use a plural verb to maintain agreement. However, in cases where two singular subjects are seen as a single entity, a singular verb may be used. By following this rule, writers can ensure clear and effective communication in their writing.
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